Purpose: patients can defecate regularly (every day)
- Defecation can be done once a day
- The consistency of soft stool
- Elimination of feces without the need for excessive straining
Nursing Interventions for Constipation
- Determine the pattern of defecation for clients and train clients to do so.
- Set the time is right for clients such as defecation after meals.
- Provide coverage of nutritional fiber according to the indication.
- Give fluids if not contraindicated 2-3 liters per day.
- Provision of laxatives or enemas as indicated
- To restore the regularity of bowel habit clients.
- To facilitate the defecation reflex.
- High fiber nutrition to launch fecal elimination.
- To soften the stool elimination.
Nursing Diagnosis : Alteration in Nutrition: Less Than Body Requirements related to loss of appetite
Purpose: demonstrate good nutritional status
- Tolerance to dietary needs.
- Maintain body mass and body weight within normal limits.
- Laboratory values within normal limits.
- Reported adequacy of energy levels.
Nursing Interventions Alteration in Nutrition: Less Than Body Requirements for Constipation
1. Create a meal plan with the patient to put in a feeding schedule.
Rationale: Maintain a diet of patients so that patients eat regularly.
2. Encourage family members to bring the patient's favorite foods from home.
Rationale: The patient feels comfortable with food brought from home and can improve the patient's appetite.
3. Offer large meals during the day when a high appetite.
Rationale: By providing a large portion can keep the adequacy of nutrient intake.
4. Make sure the diet meets the needs of the body as indicated.
Rationale: High carbohydrate, protein and calories needed or required during treatment.
5. Make sure the patient's diet is preferred or not preferred.
Rationale: To support the increasing appetite of the patient.
6. Monitor input and output and body weight periodically.
Rationale: Knowing the balance of intake and expenditure of food intake.
7. Assess the patient's skin turgor
Rationale: As the data supporting the existence of changes in nutrition that is less than demand.
8. Monitor laboratory values, such as hemoglobin, albumin, and blood glucose levels.
Rational: To be able to ascertain the level of content deficiency of hemoglobin, albumin, and glucose in the blood.
9. Teach patients and families about nutritious food.
Rationale: Maintaining adequacy of intake of nutrients needed.