Sinusitis is the inflammation or infection of the paranasal sinuses (cavities) that are adjacent to the nasal cavity in your face. If the infection or inflammation lasts for not more than 8 weeks, then it is considered as an acute sinusitis. If the condition lasts for more than 3 months, then you are suffering from chronic sinusitis.
The most common cause of acute sinusitis is common cold. But chronic sinusitis can be due to many other reasons. The inflammation or infection of the sinusitis is caused due to infection of viruses, fungus or bacteria. It can also be due to some allergic reactions in your body or nasal cavity. Pollens, dust particles, and other such suspended particles in the air can be responsible for the allergic reaction in the sinuses. In rare cases the cause of the problem could be autoimmune response. In this particular trait the immune system of your body attacks the good part of your body.
Sinusitis Symptoms may include:
- Pain and pressure in the facial area which gets worse when leaning forward.
- Congested nasal passages with green or yellow mucus secretion that drains down at the back of your nose and into your throat.
- Severe headache
- Bad breath
- Reduced sense of smell and taste
Nursing Diagnosis for Sinusitis - Nursing Care Plan for Sinusitis
1. Acute Pain / Chronic Pain: head, throat, sinus related to inflammation of the nose.
2. Anxiety related to lack of client knowledge about diseases and medical procedures (sinus irrigation / operation).
3. Ineffective Airway Clearance related to obstruction / secret is thickened.
4. Disturbed Sleep Pattern related to clogged nose, nasal inflammation secondary pain.
5. Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements related to decreased appetite secondary to sinus inflammation.
6. Self-concept disturbance related to bad breath and a runny nose.