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Self-care deficit : Hygiene

Self-care deficit : hygiene is a condition in which individuals experience failure or ability to carry out personal hygiene activities completed (Carpenito, 1977).

Several factors influence the occurrence of Self-care deficit:
a. Developments
Family overprotective and indulgent clients that disrupts the development of the initiative and skills.
b. Biological
Chronic disease that causes the client is not able to perform self-care.
c. Social
Less support and training capabilities of the environment.

Data that needs to be studied
a. Self-care deficit.
b. Decreased motivation to self-care

Subjective Data:
  • say lazy bath,
  • do not want to comb the hairs,
  • do not want to rub the teeth,
  • do not want to cut the nails,
  • do not want to make up,
  • can not use a tool bathing / personal hygiene.

Objective Data:
  • Body odor, dirty clothes, dirty hair and skin, long nails, dirty teeth, mouth odor, appearance is not neat, can not use a tool shower.

Nursing Diagnosis
Self-care deficit: hygiene related to decline in self-care motivation.


1. General Goals: The client is able to perform self-care: hygiene.

2. Specific Goals:

a. The Client can mention the definition and signs of personal hygiene.
  • Discuss with the client about the terms of hygiene and signs of hygiene.
  • Give positive reinforcement when the client is able to do something positive.
b. The Client can mention why the client does not want to maintain personal hygiene.
  • Discuss with the client what the cause would not maintain personal hygiene.
  • Discuss the consequences of not willing to maintain personal hygiene.
c. The Client can call the hygiene.
  • Discuss with the client about the benefits of hygiene.
  • Help the client identify the ability to maintain personal hygiene.
d. The client can mention how to maintain personal hygiene
  • Discuss with the client how to maintain personal hygiene: shower 2 times a day (morning and afternoon) using soap, brush the teeth at least two times a day with toothpaste, wash the hair at least 2 times a week with a shampoo, cut the nails at least 1 time a week cutting the hair at least one time a month.
  • Give positive reinforcement when the client successfully.
e. The client can implement self-care hygiene with minimal assistance.
  • Lead the client to do a demonstration on how to maintain personal hygiene.
  • Encourage the client to perform personal hygiene with minimal assistance.
f. The client can perform self-care hygiene independently.
  • Give the client the opportunity to rid themselves gradually.
  • Encourage the client to express feelings after self-cleaning.
  • Together with the client to schedule self hygiene.
  • Guided the client to conduct regular hygiene activities.
g. The client has the support of the family.
  • Give health education on caring for clients for personal hygiene through family gatherings.
  • Give positive reinforcement on the active participation of the family.

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